Land and space
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Crops rival for space with each other and with nature. Loss or damage of forests for any cause, such as new agricultural crops, is unacceptable, as is loss of coral or other ecosystems on land or at sea. All forms of use of space which used to be forest, denuded after 1-1-1990 will therefore obtain ESCU’s. Since large parts of the old world were denuded long ago, it would not be fair to only impose ESCU’s on relatively newly denuded space only. Therefore the Oiconomy Standard also allocates ESCU’s to any use of space and any form of crop, wherever on earth, depending on the yield per hectare and the purpose of the crop.