Public health

healthEvery operation causes some health risk. The kind and severity of health risks depend on circumstances and practices.  Severity also depends on personal perception and is therefore subjective. Some risks are related to the consumption or use of the product; some risks are related to labor conditions in production; there are health risks related to transport or waste disposal and health risks for people living in the vicinity of companies’ operations; some risks are known, other risks are in fact due to insufficient research into long term effects of products and operations (lack of compliance to the precautionary principle).  Some effects are clear and direct, other effects are indirect (e.g. depletion of clean water sources).
The Oiconomy Standard addresses all these risks in different sections. The costs of a perfect health and safety management system in a health and safety sensitive industry are considered the preventive costs for this issue.

Considered are risks of the product, production and transport, risks of waste flows and risks of limiting access to clean water or other vital necessities. The Oiconomy Standard requires exact measurement on issues that allow such concrete measurement.
Health issues and their causes often are not concretely measurable.  Therefore the standard requires measurement of the level of control over health issues by the management system.

The responsible organization can demonstrate an analyses and monitoring if groups of people (neighbourhood, customers, employees, transporters, cleaners, waste handlers or others) may be harmed or diseased by the product, the presence of the organization, its waste or activities related to the product and that it continuously takes effective preventive and corrective measures based on this analyses.

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